PKRA Pastor and Pulido win the Single Elimination in Fuerteventura

Pastor and Pulido win the Single Elimination in Fuerteventura

Gisela Pulido and Alex Pastor are the winners of the PKRA freestyle World Cup in Fuerteventura. With perfect 9 to 10 meter weather and flat water, the riders could not have asked for better conditions in Fuerteventura for the single elimination. The two full ladders of men and women were run for a total of six hours of freestyle. Alexander Neto and Sergey Borisov are just a few of the riders that had amazing heats and Liam Whaley made his first PKRA final. Karolina Winkowska was injured and left Gisela Pulido without her two nemeses, but Annabel Van Westrop and Victoria Rosinska had some great heats to get to the podium.

The final between Alex pastor and Liam Whaley was very close with the two riders landing similar tricks, but Alex Pastor was a little more powerful to win the single. Alex took an early lead with a nice S-mobe, BJ3, back mobe 5 and double s-bend pass 3, but Liam almost caught Alex in the dying minutes of the heat with a 720 back mobe and near perfect S-3. Alex is a few points closer to his goal of being world champion but will have to defend against many potential contenders in the double elimination.


Watch the replay of the final HERE.

The women’s final was dominated by Gisela Pulido who landed a 313, blind judge 3, S-mobe and air back to blind. Annabel Van Westerop did all she could in her first final with an S-1, BJ and air back to blind but it was not enough to defeat Gisela. Gisela will have to defend her position in the single against the possible return of Karolina Winkowska in the double elimination.


Watch the replay of the final HERE.

The battle for third place between Marc Jacobs and Eudazio Da Silva took a very strange twist when Eudazio crashed his first trick, then came back to the beach to change kites, this took a few minutes and when he finally came back to the water landed six tricks in a matter of seconds and closed the gap with Marc Jacobs, but Marc’s powerful riding had done enough damage already to secure a 3rd place finish. The women’s battle for the last podium spot was between Paula Novotna and Victora Rosinska a polish rider that trains in Fuerteventura. This proved to be a key factor in getting just a slight edge over Novotna to get the last podium spot.

The men’s quarterfinal heats were all the exciting with the riders like Borisov landing some of the biggest tricks with the most power that were thrown today, but could not land enough to upset Jacobs. Tack did not find his rhythm and Whaley was riding extremely well. Hadlow came up against Alex Pastor who was on fire and could do nothing to slow down the Spaniard. He had some very clean and well executed tricks, but Pastor was more aggressive. Da Silva defeated Stefan who was only able to land four tricks out of five possible needed to get a maximum score.

In the earlier rounds Alexander Neto had a great heat with a 34.27 that was the third highest score of the day only behind Pastor who had a 35.47 against hadlow and Liams 34.47. Alex Pastor also had the highest scoring move of the day with a double S-bend pass 3 that scored an 8.40. Reno lost to his team mate Stefan and said he was “lucky in love, but not at Play”.

The double elimination’s will start tomorrow at 12 o’clock and will finish Saturday afternoon. This will give the opportunities for many riders to move back up in the rankings over the next two days. This will give the riders ample time to rest while moving back up the doubles ladder. The main challenges will come from the wind that is forecasted to be picking up tomorrow and Saturday, with gusts forecasted into the 40 knots. With winds like this, we can expect some pretty amazing riding and a few big air tricks.

All the score, from all the heats, are posted online at along with the replays of almost all the heats. So if you like to go watch your favorite riders and see how you would score them, you can do it online.


kitesurf pro tour KSP update and introduction of new tour manager

You may not have received many news from the KSP lately other than the press releases about the events in Portugal and on Gran Canaria being canceled. We would like to give you a quick update on the newest developments on the KSP front and most importantly introduce you to our newest team member.

kitesurf pro tour KSP update and introduction of new tour manager hookipa maui hawaii surf

kitesurf pro tour KSP update and introduction of new tour manager hookipa maui hawaii surf

After the first 2 events of the season had been canceled the KSP board held an online conference and evaluated the associations situation. In this meeting 2 main things were decided: 1) to cut all expenses and let tour manager Terry McKenna go and 2) to put as much focus and energy into making at least 2 events happen in this 2013 season.

In the board meeting we also discussed possible locations for the 2nd event (the event on Maui is set, however Puerto Rico will not happen), the possibility of having a “one off” world championship in case all goes wrong and the possibility of bringing a new tour manager on board.

While we are in contact with 2 venues that are interested in holding a KSP event at the same dates as the Puerto Rico event was scheduled for (October 31 to November 9), we are also very delighted to have found an incredibly successful business man and passionate kiteboarder to spearhead the KSP as the new tour manager.

Nicholas Thiede, founder and former CEO of Germany’s biggest online seminar platform Semigator, will take on the position as of today and will be putting his incredible passion, energy and experience into making the KSP a successful association and world tour for the years to come. Saying that, Nico will be entirely volunteering his time and efforts for this job. We all agreed that this does not need to be made a public fact, but we would like to send out an extra special shout out and thanks to Nico simply for supporting the KSP in the way he is.
Nicholas Thiede who now lives in Tanzania, exclaims: “I am super excited to contribute to the success of this exceptional tour. Watching the world’s top wave riders compete on the KSP world tour is the best our sport has to offer to me. I am looking forward to being part of the team and will be discovering Africa’s best wave spots between KSP tour stops for possible future events.”
In the name of all of the KSP board members I am sending you all the very best for now.

Thanks everyone for your continued and amazing support,

Freestyle Competition begins in Fuerteventura

The PKRA freestyle event in Fuerteventura started this afternoon with the trials, to select the top man that will be competing in the main event. 41 men and 12 women registered for the freestyle event. This means that 33 men have to go through the trials for the 14 spots available in the main event.  The wind was around 20 knots, the men were mostly on their 9 meters and the water was perfectly flat.  Many top seeds advanced like Hadlow, Shitzhofer, Spiessberger and more, but some big upsets who did not make it in like the Garat brothers, Serin, Bakker and Scholte.


Freestyle Competition begins in Fuerteventura

Freestyle Competition begins in Fuerteventura


The skippers meeting was held at 10:30, but with the wind being capricious the competition did not start until 12:15.  The conditions were very tame for Fuerteventura giving the opportunity to the riders to land some big moves.  Even though we did not see any doubles during the trials, they will surely come out for the main event.  The top riders are able to land their repertoire of tricks, easily asserting themselves above the competition and qualifying directly into the main event.




The format of the trials is very simple; nine heats are run of 3 to 4 men with the winners advancing directly into the main event. All the losers of the first round meet in round two for 6 heats of three men with the winners advancing to the next round. Round three is composed of two heats with the top two seeds advancing and the two losers meet in round four and the winner takes the final spot into the main event.


In heat one Patrick Blanc advanced over his competitors with some powerful handle passes like and S-1 and S-mobe with the kite low.  In heat two Spiessberger landed a clean front blind mobe to advance. Hadlow was in heat three, even though he was not very powerful, his riding was extremely clean and technical and qualified for the main event.  Garaschenko surprised Hutter in heat four with some big moves.  Schitzhofer was constant and powerful in heat five and advance while Nico Suriel went huge to get his win in heat six.  Madson was extremely clean and powerful in heat seven. Corniel won a close heat over S.Garat to qualify for the main event.  In the last heat of round one Borisov only landed a few tricks but they were extremely well executed and powerful to get the win.  After this first round five spots remain for 18 riders.



In round two the riders are under a lot of pressure, because the must win the heat to remain in the competition and only one out of three rider advances to the next round.  The six riders that advanced were Neto, Fermon, DaSilva, Bobryk, Hutter and Umpierre.  The second round had two extremely close heats.  One with Serin, Bobryk and Alcazar with the judges having a split decision and in a very close heat Bobryk advanced to the next round.  The other close heat was between Umpierre and Sebastien and Valentin Garat.  Once again the judges were split and the decision went to Umpierre.


The third round was a great show with everyone advancing to either the main event or the next round.  Hutter and Neto took care of business early while umpierre would need another heat to qualify for the main event by defeating Fermon.  Da Silva and Bobryk advanced over fermon with bigger moves and more power.




The trials are getting harder every PKRA event and just winning a heat is becoming very challenging with strong competitors coming from all over the world. The 14 that advanced into the main event will have a chance to challenge the top eight riders in the world and maybe achieve a top eight results to move up in the rankings and no longer have to go through trials.  The main event is set, with a very talented fleet. Youri Zoon and Bruna Kajiya are the two missing competitors from this main event, who will be out for the rest of the season due to injuries.  Make sure you check out the LIVE stream tomorrow and follow us on Facebook and Twitter for the latest news and information.

Kiteboard World PKRA Registration and Light winds in Fuerteventura

egistration and Light winds in Fuerteventura

The first day of the Fuerteventura World Cup in and 100th event of the PKRA started with registration and light winds. All the Slalom racers registered for the 3rd stop of the year. Everyone was expecting high winds early on, but the trade winds were capricious. All the riders took the time to tune their gear, go for an SUP session and enjoyed the perfect weather. Competiton will resume tomorrow when the trades return.

Kiteboard World PKRA  Registration and Light winds in Fuerteventura

Kiteboard World PKRA Registration and Light winds in Fuerteventura

The men’s fleet is full of top competitors like Julien Kerneur, Adam Withington, Oswald Smith and many more. Bryan Lake is not here to win a third consecutive race so someone else will walk away with €3000 and hoist the trophy of the Fuerteventura World Cup in its 28th consecutive edition. Many freestyle competitors entered this event looking for chance to upset the top racers in the world. Reno Romeu, Paul Serin, Chirs Bobryk are just some of the big names that are entered in the Slalom. On the womens side Gisela Pulido and Karolina Winkowska the best freestylers in the world will also be competiting in both freestyle and slalom.

The high winds will provide a great testing ground for full speed slalom racing. The past two events have taken place in rather light winds, so this will be a change for the racers. For this event, some competitors brought twin tip boards to see if they might have an advantage in high wind and around the marks. The forecast is calling for the winds to return tomorrow and then just keeps building for the rest of the week. All the races will be LIVE

European Kite Racing Championship 2013 Day 1

The 2013 IKA European Kiteracing Championships kicked off today at Hang Loose Beach in Gizzeria, Italy. More than 90 riders from all over the world are in attendance of this event, in total there are 26 nations and 4 continents represented, apart from the European countries as far as from New Zealand and Santa Lucia.

European Kite Racing Championship 2013  Day 1

European Kite Racing Championship 2013 Day 1

The 74 competitors in the men’s fleet were split into two flights and kicked off the opening day with 4 races. The weather was around 12 knots in the morning and as the day went on, increased to 18 knots offering some great conditions for racing.

With the fleets clearly going for the starboard side of the starting line it was two fast windward-leeward legs before the short reach to the finish line. A great performance from many riders saw fast paced and close racing at the top places, with a surprise outcome for Russia’s new entry, Doronin who scored two bullets, a third and a second, to lead the day with the Italian Leccese following with just one point behind. France’s Dansin also delivered a steady performance with three second places and holds an overall leaderboard position of third. It was all about the start today, and taking the advantage off the line. The stable breeze eliminated the luck factor, ensuring the best riders were shining at the front.

In the women’s fleet it was the young Russian Kalinina who dominated the 18 riders, leaving the much more experienced Bridge from Great Britain in second place and battling it out with Holland’s Roose. Kalinina made her appearance at the Kite Africans in March and her skills defy her young age of only 15 years old. She made a big impression in Egypt and clearly demonstrated her potential to have a great future in the sport. Bridge on the other hand has many years of kite racing experience and shares her passion with her son, who is also racing here and scored a bullet in the first race of the men’s fleet today.

Tomorrow the men’s fleet continues with the qualification races before they split up into Gold and Silver on Friday. The women race as one fleet until the medal series on Sunday.

Top 5 after Day 1:

Mens Fleet:
1. Riccardo Leccesse (ITA, Ozone/Mikes Lab) – 4 pts
2. Ivan Doronin (RUS, Ozone) – 6 pts
3. Blazej Ozog (POL, North) – 6.3 pts
4. Wilson Veloso (BRA) – 7 pts
5. Oliver Bridge (GBR, North) – 8 pts

Womens Fleet:
1. Elena Kalinina (RUS, Elf/Temavento) – 3 pts
2. Katja Roose (NED, Airush) – 6 pts
3. Steph Bridge (GBR, North) – 7 pts
4. Christine Boenniger (GER, Flysurfer) – 13 pts
5. Agnieszka Grzymska (POL, Ozone) – 13 pts

The daily video can be found here:

15 millons $ catamaran VS Hawaiin Kai Lenny’s $1,500 Kite Board Gear…

Kai Lenny's $1,500 Kite Board vs Oracle Team USA's $15 million Catamaran Cal

Kai Lenny's $1,500 Kite Board vs Oracle Team USA's $15 million Catamaran Cal

Can a kiteboarder outrace the new 72-foot catamaran of Oracle Team USA? Kai Lenny decided to give it a go, in San Francisco.

kiteboarding 1500$ kai lenny VS 15 millons $ 72 foot catamaran  of oracle team usa San Francisco Red Bull sponsors

kiteboarding 1500$ kai lenny VS 15 millons $ 72 foot catamaran  of oracle team usa San Francisco Red Bull sponsors

kiteboarding 1500$ kai lenny VS 15 millons $ 72 foot catamaran of oracle team usa San Francisco Red Bull sponsors

Can a kiteboarder outrace the new 72-foot catamaran of Oracle Team USA? Kai Lenny decided to give it a go, in San Francisco.

The challenge was simple. Pink slips were on the line when Lenny put his $1,500 kite board up against the $15 million boat.

Kai Lenny got a significant jump out of the starting gate, launching his kite and harnessing the power of the winds to propel himself at 20 knots across the water (23 mph).

This caught Oracle Team USA off guard at first, before they found their rhythm and cranked it up to 30 knots (34 mph) to blow by the kite board.

“He got a really good start, so we just put the hammer down. It’s like bringing a knife to a gun fight”, tells Jimmy Spithill, the skipper of Oracle Team USA.

Oracle Team USA will be looking to defend its America’s Cup title when racing starts September 7, in San Francisco.

kiteboarding 1500$ kai lenny VS 15 millons $ 72 foot catamaran  of oracle team usa San Francisco Red Bull sponsors

kiteboarding 1500$ kai lenny VS 15 millons $ 72 foot catamaran of oracle team usa San Francisco Red Bull sponsors


“It’s like bringing a knife to a gun fight.” Those were the comments of Jimmy Spithill, the skipper of ORACLE TEAM USA and the defenders of the America’s Cup.

The question was whether kite board champion Kai Lenny can outrace the new 72-foot catamaran of ORACLE TEAM USA.

Pink slips were on the line when Lenny put his $1,500 kite board up against the $15 million Catamaran  …


World Kiteboard VW Beetle Kitesurf Saint Peter Ording Germany PKRA

Closing Ceremony of the Beetle Kitesurf WC

The final day of the PKRA Saint Peter Ording, Germany, brought another day of beautiful sun with thousands of kitesurfing fans coming to the Beetle Kitesurf World Cup.  The closing ceremony started at 16:00, with Marc Jacobs from New Zealand and Karolina Winkowska from Poland winning the freestyle event.  Bryan Lake from the United States won the racing along with Christine Boenniger from Germany.  The 134 riders from 24 different countries made this the biggest PKRA event ever.  The top riders will be sharing €52,000 in prize money.  The Freestyle and Slalom racing was some of the best we have ever seen.

“I think this is the best event in the world and being the best local rider here is amazing”-Mario Rodwald
The trials of the Beetle Kitesurf World Cup had 71 men and 20 women and took over 8 hrs.  14 men and 8 women were selected but many top riders did not make it into the event.  This event really showed how the base of good riders is getting bigger and how the competitors just keep getting better throughout the world.

The main event was absolutely amazing, with 24 men and 12 women riders.  With 3 world champions in the event, Zoon, Hadlow and Langeree and many talented riders like Eudazio DaSilva, the points leader Alex Pastor, the action was none stop.  DaSilva had the best heat score of the event with a 37.23, defeating Hadlow and Langeree in the double elimination.  Christophe Tack made an amazing run in the doubles, competing in 8 consecutive heats.  Marc Jacobs won his first ever PKRA riding with so much power landing perfect front blind mobes and hinterberger mobes.  Alex Pastor lost his first heat of the season, but kept the lead in the overall rankings.  Youri Zoon dislocated his shoulder and will be out for a few weeks.  He will miss Fuerteventura 10 days from now, but should be back for China. Umpierre, Jaspan and Hutter came all the way through the trials to finish 9th.

“The conditions were very similar to home in New Zealand, went big with a lots of power and I am stoked to win my first PKRA”- Marc Jacobs

The women’s fleet was also extremely competitive, with Karolina Winkowska regaining the overall points lead on tour.  Paula Novotna had a great event making a great run in the double to finish 4th.  Bruna Kajiya injured herself; hopefully it is not too serious.  Gisela Pulido could not win her third event in a row and dropped to second in the rankings.  Lammerts, Van Westerop, Lutz and many more had some amazing tricks.  It looks like the new generation of girl’s riders is here.

“It was good event, we had to be patient for the wind, but when we were competing the conditions were very good, I am happy to regain the lead”- Karolina Winkowska

The Slalom displayed some high speed racing with many lead changes and close battles.  Bryan Lake was the fastest rider of the week with Kerneur on his tail the whole time.  The rest of the fleet with riders like Castel, Baumeister, Gruber, Biniash and many more battled hard every race for a chance at the podium.  In the end, it was Lake, Kerneur and Gruber who took the podium.  On the women side Christine Boenniger dominated the whole event winning every race.  Tatiana Sysoeva was second in front of the German Freestyle champion Lutz.

A beautiful closing ceremony was held at the Beetle Kitesurf World Cup, rewarding the athletes with their trophies and Prizes.  This was the best and biggest German PKRA ever and all 134 riders are already looking forward to competing here next year.  The PKRA moves to Fueteventura for the 3rd Slalom stop of the Year and 5th Freestyle event.  Follow us on Twitter and Facebook for the Latest news and results.


VW Beetle PKRA kitesurf World Cup

Sunday brought great winds to the Beetle kitesurfing World Cup in Saint Peter Ording, Germany. The trials for the men and women were finished and the 1st round of men and women of the main event were completed. The competition started at 8:30 in the morning and finished just after 8 in the evening. The action was nonstop with men and women battling to qualify for the main event. Every heat was very exciting with no clear favorites and every rider fighting to make it into the next round and main event.

VW Beetle PKRA kitesurf World Cup

VW Beetle PKRA kitesurf World Cup

With 48 heats being run today, it is very hard to give due credits to all the riders that entered the competition today. It is not possible to mention all the riders that took to the water today, but we can say that everyone was charging hard and giving it their best. In total 8 women and 57 men were eliminated from the competition, 12 women than 24 men remain to try to claim €52,000 in prize money and a chance to win the 2013 Beetle kite surfing world cup.

Here is how the trials finished:

in the 2nd round of the men’s trials, 9 heats of men were run, with the winner going straight into the main event and the 27 remaining riders moved onto the next rounds to claim the last 5 spots. In the 1st heat Paul Serin had a flawless heat and took the win. The 2nd heat hutter got and is grabs and stylish back mobes and S3 to also advance. Up next Ariel Corniel from the Dominican Republic landed a perfect front blind mobe to advance to the main event. In heat 22 Garashchenko surprised some top riders by taking the win. Next on the water Patrick Blanc was riding really well right from the start and also secured a spot into the main event. Aaron Hadlow was in the next heat and easily qualified my getting some nice toe mobes and mobes 5’s. Heat 25 at 2 Brazilians battling, Evandro da Silva upset Madson to advance. The final 2 heats of the round Jaspan and Rondina both advanced with some very technical tricks like the G-spot and crow mobe.

In the 3rd round of the trials, 9 heats of 3 men were run with the winner advancing to the next round and the 2 other riders being eliminated from the trials. In this round many top guys were eliminated like Garat.S, Burgers, Bakker, Font, Hays, Alcazar and many more excellent riders. In The 4th round nobody was eliminated but the winner qualified for the Beetle kite surf World Cup. The 1st heat had Umpierre, Neto and Spiessberger. The heat was very close but Spiessberger got some very solid tricks in and won the heat. Heat 38 Shitzhofer, Scholte and Garat.V had a great heat but Scholte put a lot of power in all his tricks and won. The last heat of the round Onieva, Madson and Suriel also had a great heat with Suriel landing some tricks with the kite super low, with lots of power.

The 5th round of the men’s trials only had 2 heats with the winner advancing. In the 1st Heat Umpierre defeated Garat.V and Onieva to qualify for one of the last two spots into the main event. The last heat of the trials was the most exciting with Neto and Madosn battling hard with Madson defeating Neto and Schitzhofer in the dying minutes of the heat with a perfect KGB 5. After that heat the men’s trials were finished and the main event was set. Just a draw was needed to seed the last 8 men.

The women’s trials were also extremely exciting with all the girls being able to land blind judges, 313, KGB’s and other technical moves. The girl’s format was a bit different than the men’s with the winner of each of the 7 heats advancing into the main event. In the first round Lange, Lammerts, Taabbel and tour veteran Jungo qualified for the main event. The next round it was do or die for the girls, with only the winner advancing. Valvatne upset Whiteley and Van der Snoek to qualify in the first heat. In the final two heats Novotna and Sloloveykina both qualified for the main event with some great handle passes.

After 8hrs of trials the main event was ready to start. The 1st heat on the water was Hutter vs Garashchenko, Hutter was riding very well and defeated the Russian. Next Blanc vs Hadlow was on the water with Aaron being extremely consistent and technical defeating Blanc who was riding well landing some great tricks. Hadlow’s victory sets up a rematch of France, with Youri Zoon in round 2. The following heats Jaspan and Spiessberger advanced with many technical tricks. The 5th heat with Madson and Umpierre was a matchup of the two men that had gone through 5 heats in the trials to qualify, even though they were both tired, they charge hard and Umpierre took the win. Up next Rondina was looking great landing many toe side mobes and a nice back mobe. The last 2 heats of the 1st round Rodwald the german champion advanced and Suriel advanced over his country man Corniel.

In the 1st round of the women’s main event all the favorites advanced. Novotna defeated Soloveykina in a close heat, with both girls landing some technical passes. Lange upset the German champion Lutz at home. Jungo and Lammerts had a very close heat with similar tricks but Jungo just got the edge. The final heat of the day the two girls Valvatne and Taabbel had a hard time finding their rhythm but Taabbel did enough to win.

The 2nd day of the PKRA beetle kite surf World Cup was truly action-packed. The trials were some of the most competitive we have ever seen on the PKRA and the rest of the competition should be even better. The wind forecast is looking light for the next few days, so it looks like we will probably be switching over to slalom and have to wait until the weekend to finish the freestyle competition. If you miss some of the today’s action make sure you check out the pictures, videos, live results and the

PKRA News Cancellation of the PKRA Egypt

The Kiteboarding World Cup in Soma Bay 2013 has been canceled. The event will not be rescheduled in 2013. The PKRA is looking forward to having an event in Egypt next year. Egypt is a great place to kitesurf and the perfect venue for a PKRA World Cup to feature the best kitesurfers in the world.

PKRA News Cancellation of the PKRA Egypt

PKRA News Cancellation of the PKRA Egypt

The Junior world championships in Costa Brava will be starting on Wednesday. Five world titles will be given in three boy’s age group and two girls age group. This is the first time the PKRA will be giving a junior world title and the opportunities for young riders to learn from pros like Gisela Pulido. You can follow us on Facebook and Twitter for the latest updates and go to for the latest news on the kitesurfing world tour.

Registration at the PKRA IKA Freestyle Jr’s Europe kiteboard championship

The registration at the PKRA/IKA Kiteboarding Freestyle Junior World Championships took place at the camping La Ballena Alegre, San Pere Pescador, Costa Brava, Spain.  Costa Brava has been hosting events for many years, it is a great venue and a perfect place for the first Kiteboarding JR World Championships.  43 riders registered from 17 countries.  The thermal winds picked up to solid 15 knots all afternoon and many riders took advantage of the conditions to warm up.  A beautiful opening ceremony welcomed all the riders.

The riders are from all over the world and are adapting to the local conditions.  The wind here is usually the strong Tramontane out of the north or the warm thermal from the south west.  This time of year the thermal is the dominant wind. The competition will have two classes of boys 8-14 and 15-16 and two classes of girls 8-13 and 14-16.  This means that 4 World titles will be given.  Only two kids under 11 registered so they will join the older class.

Throughout the week the PKRA along with many pro’s like Gisela Pulido and Alvaro Onieva will be doing clinics to educate the young riders.  The goal of these clinics will be to teach up and coming riders how to compete, train, media relationships and sponsors.

The level will be very high, especially in the 15-16 age group, with many competitors having already kited for many years.  The European champions are here to see if they can claim a World title.  The competition will start in the morning at 10:30am .  You can follow all the action on and follow us on Twitter and Facebook.